Category Archives: Poultry Farming in the Philippines

Poultry Farming Success in the Philippines: Useful Tips

 

There are various success factors that will be key to efficient and profitable poultry production in the Philippines. These include the following:-

The poultry stock that you choose to raise

The breed or hybrid poultry that you choose to raise will be one of the most important success factors when it comes to poultry production in the Philippines. There are important points to keep in mind. Buy your stock only from reliable breeders and hatcheries with a reputation for high quality. These can assure you of parent stock that have been managed well.

The poultry stock that you will purchase will depend on the purpose of your poultry farming venture. Are you planning to raise the chickens for eggs or for meat? The chicks purchase should not have any deformities and must have been given the required vaccinations. Buy chicks that have a uniform colour and weight. If you are starting, choose the poultry breeds that are more commonly raised in your community or neighborhood. This is often a sign that they can do well in the local conditions. If you are planning to raise broilers, go for ones that have excellent liveability and that grow fast. For layers, go for poultry stock that produce large eggs, have a high egg production over the laying duration and which have a longer and productive life expectancy.

Housing

Choose feeders and drinkers that allow for optimal feeding and less food wastage. The feeders and drinkers should also be easy to clean. You can also improvise and use timber-made feeders and bamboo waterers if you do not have enough cash to buy these poultry equipment from the shop. The house should be constructed according to well-defined design specifications.

Poultry housing in the Philippines
Poultry housing in the Philippines

Feeding equipment
There are automatic feeders that are efficient and with less feed wastage that will help you save money when it comes to feeding your poultry. Automated feeders will drastically reduce the number of hours required to feed the chicken. It also makes the feeding process less laborious and easy to accomplish.

 

Automatic bell drinker used by poultry farmers in the Philippines
Automatic bell drinker used by poultry farmers in the Philippines

Lighting

Good lighting is necessary for optimal poultry production. It is important to note that both the layers and broilers have different lighting requirements. You will need to supplement natural lighting from the sun with artificial lighting in order to obtain optimal production.

Chick brooder lighting in a poultry house in the Philippines
Chick brooder lighting in a poultry house in the Philippines

Temperature

For egg production, ambient temperatures of 18-21 degrees are generally desirable. Every two weeks from week 1, you can step up the ambient temperatures by 1 degree centigrade until you hit temperatures of about 25 degrees Celsius. Eggs should be collected on a regular basis.

Poultry Farming in the Philippines: The Importance of Being More Efficient

Even without competition from outside, the Filipino poultry farming industry is still one of the most competitive and efficient in Asia. With scrapping of import tariffs, Filipino poultry farmers will no longer be favored by the iron safety net of protectionism. In this kind of production environment, only the most efficient poultry farming operations will remain competitive and survive onslaught from the more efficient producers in the Philippines and the rest of Asia.

How can Filipino poultry farmers be more efficient producers who are able to remain profitable even in the toughest of markets? Generally, so long as the requirements of the chicken you are rearing are met, it is possible to easily obtain the genetic potential of the bird and run a profitable poultry farming operation.

Poultry Farming in the Philippines Costs Money

Poultry farming is going to cost you a lot of money. There are lots of initial investments that you need to make such as land, building the poultry house, buying the poultry equipment and sourcing your first flock. Then there are the ongoing costs such as the cost of feeding, vaccination, medicine, labour etc. In order for you to make sure that your Philippines poultry farming venture is both efficient and profitable, there are a host of factors that you will need to manage adequately.

Poultry Housing

This is one of the most important if not the most important factor. Good housing will be key to the liveability of the poultry as well as their productivity. Without good housing that is ideally suited for the local weather, your production could be impacted in multiple ways.

During the summers or when there are high temperatures, the feed intake of the poultry will be impacted severely which will have an impact on the production. Heat puts the chickens under stress and this will, in turn, lower their immunity thus exposing your flock to various diseases and infections. When there are high temperatures in the poultry house, the chickens are going to drink more water resulting in watery droppings.

In low temperatures or during winters, the chickens will tend to eat more and as a result, your chickens will experience lower feed conversion. Low temperatures may also subject your chickens to certain diseases such as coryza. When building a poultry house in the Philippines, you must work with poultry house design specifications that will assure your chickens of an optimal living environment.

Water

Let us state this simply: Your chickens will never forgive you if you fail to supply them with a regular supply of clean and fresh drinking water. Production will drop and you might not recover from that in your current production cycle. Lack of sufficient water will lead to a lowering in the immunity of the chicken as well as the rise in mortality. As a result, your chickens will be exposed to a host of diseases.

Feeds

You must provide your poultry with high quality and well formulated feeds that will meet all their nutrient requirements. It is only through proper feeding that you will be able to maximize on production and obtain the genetic potential of your chickens. Poor feeding program or a lack of feed is going to have a direct impact on the efficiency of your poultry farming in the Philippines.

Proper hygiene and sanitation

In general, these factors are referred to as biosecurity and we have discussed them in detail in a previous post on this website. You must take proactive measures in order to keep the poultry production operation as clean as possible and prevent some of the disease pathways that are introduced due to lack of proper sanitation and biosecurity.

Adhere to a strict vaccination routine

When raising chickens on a commercial scale in the Philippines, you must make sure that you are adhering to an up to date vaccination program. One thing that we always advise small scale poultry farmers that are likely to forget about vaccination schedules is that they should stick the vaccination program on the door of the poultry house so that they can see it every morning and remember to vaccinate their chickens.

A poultry vaccination program must adhered to strictly so as to protect your chickens from all kinds of poultry diseases including diseases of high importance, disease of medium importance and even the diseases of low importance where the mortality rate can be low but which still have an adverse impact on the production levels in the poultry operation.

However, vaccination is not necessarily a guarantee that your chickens are not going to get poultry diseases such as the Newcastle Disease but in general, it is going to minimize the risk of disease and mortality. It is going to reduce the impact and severity of poultry diseases.

Light as well as Lighting

Lighting is especially important for layer farming as it allows you to maximize on the production and also obtain the genetic potential of the chicken.  You need to have lighting but you also need to have the lux or brightness. If you are raising commercial layers in the Philippines without lighting and lux, then this is going to impact the efficiency of the poultry production.

Choosing the right poultry breed

Whether you are planning to raise layers or broilers, you must ensure that you choose the right chicken breeds that will have the right impact on the efficiency of your poultry operation.

Management and administration
At the end of the day, you are only going to get all these considerations right if you have put in place the right management and administration factors. You will need skill, passion, knowledge and experience in order to make the most out of your poultry operation. Good management goes hand in hand with proper administration such as excellent record keeping, biosecurity, weighing etc.